How to Choose the Best Deck Material for Your House

See all of your options—and their pros and cons—at a glance.

best decking materials
Roger Davies / OTTO

What if you could host an al fresco dinner party out on private deck? Or watch the sun set with a cocktail in tow after a long workday? Decks are a place for reflection as much as recreation whether it's surrounding an in-ground swimming pool or as a balcony extension in the front or backyard, but the options when embarking on a design can feel overwhelming. Fiberglass or concrete? Wood decking or grass?

From budget to aftercare, so many factors come into play when picking the best decking material for your home. While wood was earlier pretty much the only choice, now, there are a multitude of options available to you. However, know that they’re not all created equal. Below, a detailed look at each.

PHOTO: Felix Forest; DESIGN: Arent & Pyke

Pressure-Treated Wood

Pros: This is by far the most popular option even now, being used on almost 75 percent of all new decks. Since the wood has been chemically treated to withstand rot, mold, and insects, people tend to gravitate toward it—and its low price point ($1.50 to $2.50 per square foot) doesn’t hurt either. It’s available pretty much everywhere, and easy to fasten.

Cons: Maintenance is definitely an issue with this kind of decking material—it has the tendency to crack or warp over time. In the past, pressure-treated wood was treated with chromated copper arsenate, a suspected carcinogen. Now, though, it’s treated with less toxic chemicals, making it relatively safe for the home.

Tropical hardwood

Pros: Tropical hardwoods are everywhere—think ipe, cumaru, and tigerwood, just to name a few. A true luxury choice, tropical hardwoods are grainy, hard, and durable, as well as naturally resistant to issues like rotting and insects.

Nicole Franzen

Cons: Similar to redwood and cedar, they come with a pretty high price tag (around $8 to $12 per square foot), and are fairly dense, making it hard to drill holes into them. They don’t really accept stains or finishes very well either, so if you’re determined to add one, make sure that it’s been especially formulated for tropical hardwood. If you choose to not stain the deck, definitely apply a UV-blocking clear wood preservative every three to four years—since, like cedar and redwood, tropical hardwoods also weather to a silvery color when they’re not stained. It’s also important to know where your tropical hardwood comes from: Look for those from sustainably harvested sources.

Concrete

Pros: Versatile, practical, chic, and modern when well designed, concrete is a surprisingly good deck material option. Even better? It's super easy to clean.

Cons: Some may feel like it has less character than other options, and it can also get very hot in the sun.

Roger Davies/ Otto

Redwood

Pros: Redwood is another really nice natural option, and s several characteristics with cedar wood—the natural tannins, lightweight yet strong finish, and gorgeous color. However, redwood isn’t as easily available, particularly in the eastern regions of the country. (That might also be why it costs more than cedar: about $6 to $8 per square foot.)

Cons: It’s also important to note that both redwood and cedar require an annual power washing, as well as a coat finish every three to four years. This isn’t too intense of a maintenance program to be sure, but you definitely need to remember it!

PHOTO: Nicole Franzen; DESIGN: GRT Architects

Composites

Pros: Composite decking materials are made primarily from wood fibers and recycled plastics, and are among the fastest-growing decking options available today. Since they’ve been artificially created, they won't warp or splinter, and they also don’t get affected by rot or insects. This makes them a really durable option, since they don’t require too much maintenance.

Cons: They’re maintenance-free: Mold and mildew can grow on damp spaces, and since they’re partially wood, some composites may end up showing signs of decay. They can be on the pricier side depending on the company you pick—around $7 to $10 per square foot—and you have to make sure that you choose a reputed, high-quality company.

Bluestone

Pros: Bluestone is rich color in color, it's organic, and it integrates well with traditional architecture. It's also a great nonslip surface when wet, making it particularly well-suited for rainy regions or backyards with swimming pools.

Cons: It can get uncomfortably hot when the sun is beating down on it in; travertine is a cool-to-the touch stone alternative. Expect to spend about $4-$8 per square foot, according to ImproveNet.com.

PHOTO: Anson Smart; DESIGN: Arent & Pyke

Cedar

Pros: Most purists love cedar and redwood decks, particularly due to their gorgeous, rich color. Cedar wood has a lovely natural hue and is widely available throughout the US. It’s also extremely lightweight, yet strong, making it ideal for places with inclement weather conditions. It contains tannins and naturally occurring oils that make it resistant to rot and insects, but you can also treat it with stain and sealer to prevent cracks or splinters. Note, also, that if you don’t use protectants, the color of your cedar will change to a soft grey over time.

Cons: The main issue is the price, averaging at about $3.75 to $5 per square foot. And note that all types of cedar aren’t the same: The four best grades of cedar to use for decking are architect clear, custom clear, architect knotty, and custom knotty (listed from clearest to most knotty). So the nicer you go, the more it’s going to cost you.

Paola+Murray / trunkarchive.com

Grass

Pros: Contemporary, natural, peaceful, and colorful, turn your deck into a grassy lawn. It's also cheaper to install than others if you seed (think: 8 to 30 cents per square foot!)

Cons: Keep in mind that grass needs sun exposure to thrive. And if you use it as your decking material around a saltwater swimming pool, it can can get brown spots when the water splashes it.

Hecker Guthrie

Aluminium

Pros: You might have never seen an aluminum deck before, but they do exist. They’re convenient in a lot of ways: They won’t rust, warp, splinter, rot, crack, or check, and they’re weather and mold-resistant as well. Since you don’t have to worry about insects, it’s extremely easy to take care of them, and they’ll never peel or blister. You’ll also be happy to know that when compared with wood, composite, and plastic lumber, aluminum decking is three to four times lighter, yet two to three times stronger.

Cons: Good things don’t come cheap—the most expensive of all the options, aluminum comes in at an average of $11 per square foot, with some companies going even higher than that. It also doesn’t have the gorgeous color of hardwood, so be sure that’s a look you’re willing to sacrifice for convenience.

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