Parquet Flooring: What Exactly Is it?

Here's what you need to know.

Loft-studio apartment in Moscow
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Before I had even taken two steps into my current apartment, I knew I needed to have it. No, it wasn't because of the quality of appliances (they're early-aughts models on their last legs), the closet space (minimal), or the amenities (nonexistent); it was the floors that got me. The parquet floors, to be exact. Hallmarks of pre-war buildings in the U.S., parquet floors are a decorative element beloved by the historically and aesthetically-minded alike. Here's what you should know about them.

The Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles
Parquet in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles.
DEA / G. SIOENGetty Images

What exactly *is* parquet?

Parquet is the term for floors made of inlaid wood, arranged in a geometric pattern. The most common patterns are various riffs on square motifs, though more unconventional takes, like sunbursts or medallions, also count. The word "parquet" comes from the old French parchet, meaning a small compartment or enclosure.

It has royal origins, too: Parquet flooring was first used in the 1600s at Versailles, where it replaced marble floors that required more upkeep. After catching on in France, parquet gained popularity throughout Europe. Since its installation required technical skill and lots of time, the material became a sign of opulence in grand houses.


What makes it special?

Besides having its origins in France's most famous château, Parquet is a decorative element that adds instant interest and texture to the floor. In addition to a main pattern, most parquet floors have a different decorative border, which makes the floorboards essentially serve as a built-in rug.

Parquet with geometrically-patterned rosette...
A parquet medallion.
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Parquetry
A block pattern.
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What does it look like?

Since it's essentially a wood mosaic, parquet can come in virtually any pattern imaginable. Popular designs include herringbone, Versailles (named for the original), Chantilly (named for yet another French château), checkerboard, mosaic, and basket.

image
A herringbone floor in a kitchen designed by Wesley Moon.
Thomas Loof

Where do I find it?

In both the United States and around the world, parquet is most common in pre-war (that is pre World War II) buildings. In the U.S., the material was especially popular during the so-called Gilded Age towards the end of the 19th century, when architects built ornate apartments and townhouses—often modeled after older European architecture.

As modernism gained popularity following World War II, ornamental details like parquet were often eschewed in favor of carpet, concrete, or more simple wood floors. One unlikely parquet floor that has stood the test of time? The Boston Celtics court, which was built in 1952 and became so famous that legend had it the team could discern how the ball would bounce off of any wood piece. Portions of the original floor remain in the court today.

Can I DIY it?

Yes, though unless you're a really skilled DIYer (and definitely if you're installing a more complex pattern), it's a good idea to hire a professional. Find a hardwood installer near you on Thumbtack. If you do try to go about it yourself, there are several things you'll need to remember: Inlay should be installed on a sturdy subfloor, wood tiles need to acclimate for up to two weeks before installation, and—like with all projects—you'll want to triple measure to ensure your tiles align correctly. Home Depot has useful instructions if you choose to go this route.

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How do I care for them?

Not much differently than any other type of wood floor: dry mop regularly, vacuum occasionally with a hardwood floor attachment, and do a deep clean monthly with a product made for hardwood floors.

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